Use a fast attack time for thick, heavy vocals and a slow attack time for punchy, aggressive vocals. We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. Alternatively, if you can specify a decibel value for your knee, try different values and see how they sound. You will see basic knee sleeves in most drug stores. This brand of knee sleeves comes in sizes between 11” – 25”, and is crafted to give you comfort and breathability while still providing joint stability and improving blood circulation. A soft knee setting is better for instruments such as piano or vocals which benefit from a gradual transition into compression. You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in the footer of any mailing list email you receive from us, or by contacting alex@mixinglessons.com. Overusing compression socks, especially when … -Derek Schmidt. You need an account to post a reply. Your email address will not be published. Threshold:–1dB 2. A soft knee setting will apply the compression gradually until the full ratio is reached. Some compressors allow you to switch between ‘hard knee’ and ‘soft knee’ settings. Others allow you to dial in how hard or soft the knee setting is based on a decibel value. Usually knee starts about 3dB before the threshold but that can vary from one model/design to another... Let's say you have a 4:1 compression ratio with a knee setting turned on or all the way up and your threshold is -20dBFS... the signal is at a 1:1 ratio when it is below the threshold, BUT... as it starts to approach the threshold the knee setting changes that... at -23dB (3 dB below threshold) maybe the ratio is now 1.2:1... at -22dB maybe the ratio is 2:1, at -21dB the ratio might be 3:1 and finally when you hit -20dB the ratio is at the preset 4:1 that you selected on the compressor. Compression socks or compression stockings are used to relieve manifestations of disease of the veins in the lower limbs. Putting on, or donning, a compression stocking can be done a few different ways. Lower the threshold to apply more compression and vice versa. Knee sleeves protect the knee from further injury and damage. However, knee sleeves are frequently seen on professional and college athletes, but why? If you are happy to receive these types of emails, please confirm here: We treat your information with respect. Note that both attack and release are gradual controls. The compressor’s attack setting controls how quickly the compressor turns the signal down once it has crossed the threshold. A knee compression sleeve is advised during the subacute rehabilitation phase because it controls swelling, supports all the structures of the knee and increases proprioception. The Ratio setting determines how much the compressor reduces or attenuatesthe signal. So, the knee has to do with the level at which the compression occurs. The higher the decibel amount, the softer the knee will be. Compression stockings are designed to provide the strongest pressure around your ankle, with decreasing pressure as the stocking goes up the leg. Many thanks! Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. Attack:25–30 ms 4. This sounds more natural and musical. Attack time – the time it takes for the compressor to complete the gain reduction (or bring down the level) based on the compression ratio. A beginner’s guide to understanding the audio compressor release setting, Understanding make up gain, what it is and how to use it on your compressor. On a technical level, the controls of a compressor are pretty simple. Meaning, how long do I wait to reach full compression. I've been having trouble finding clear answers to this: You could for example have a sound that has too little attack, and by delaying the attack. A “soft knee” allows for a smoother and more gradual compression than a “hard knee.” Attack Time This refers to the time it takes for the signal to become fully compressed after exceeding the … The attack time, as the name says, has to do with the time required for the compression to reach its value. With a hard knee, the compressor does not apply any compression until the audio signal crosses the threshold. It allows you to determine how curved the transition from uncompressed- to compressed sound will be. You don’t need much added gain. Gain:Adjust so that the output level matches the input level. The Threshold setting determines when the compressor actually begins compressing. This compression would sound alot more natural than using 0ms for attack release times, but whether it is appropriate will depend alot on the style of … Looking for a buyer's guide? The signal will eventually drop below the threshold, meaning compression has to stop. They are the best options to buy if you suffer mild arthritis. For example, if the compression ratio is set to 1:2 and the threshold is set at -20dB, this means that if the input level is -10dB (needs compression because it is above threshold), the output will be -20dB. The Attack setting controls ho… Since nobody mentioned it in much detail... Knee is not slower release... knee is essentially a variable ratio based on input level and threshold. As a couple of specific example of using a compressor for envelope shaping rather than peak reduction: I tend to use this technique on bass guitar where there is no real attack to the sound, and it is consequently hard to hear much definition in the mix. The PowerLix Compression is our best choice for those looking for something to support the knee in both sport and recovery. We see you've found the Newbie subforum! By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. Generally, electric guitar sounds are pretty compressed. Two main types of compressor’s knees are Soft Knee and Hard Knee.As you may have already assumed, Soft Knee will give us more gradual compression results, whereas Hard Knee will provide more on-point, aggressive compression. If the knee is set to zero, then the transition is immediate from no compression to the compression you dialed in. And just to add some information/confusion. Notice how the compression gradually increases and gradually releases when the signal level crosses the threshold. Knee decides how compressor transitions between the compressed non-compressed states of an audio signal. It’s going to do that based on where the compression … In this case, the lower the decibel amount, the harder the knee will be. Leave a comment below. These variances are difficult to mix or sometimes inaudible in the track. The attack time is the amount of time the compressor will go from zero compression to full compression caused by the ratio and threshold. Compression amplification is a means for fitting the world of sound (the elephant) into the narrow dynamic range of the individual with hearing impairment (suitcase). Never the less, I think that the knee setting on a compressor is a really useful tool. If your compressor allows you to toggle between hard knee and soft knee, try switching between them and see if you can hear the difference. The compression of the socks gently pushes The attack time (measured in ms) determines how quickly the compressor reacts once the signal has crossed the threshold. If you wear knee-high stockings and have blood pooling in your thigh area, you may notice a swelling at your knee, above the top of the knee-high. A soft knee setting applies compression differently to a hard knee setting. You don’t need a hard knee for dynamic control here. Basic knee sleeves. Knee injuries are very common among athletes at every level. level. Thanks! An attack time of 50ms means that it will fade in the compression over that 50ms, not immediately after 50ms has passed. The compressor’s attack setting controls how quickly the compressor turns the signal down once it has crossed the threshold. If you want to use a little compression to bring the guitar forward and give it some punch, try these settings: 1. Your email address will not be published. Knee Compression Sleeve 2 Pack, Future Way Knee Brace for Women Men with Spring Stabilizers, Anti-Collision Silicone Pad, Knee Support for Arthritis Pain and Meniscus Tear - Medium. We will use the email address you provide to send you free downloadable guides, notifications of our latest blog posts, general updates and offers on our products and services. Release:About 200 ms 5. The kink in a compressor's transfer curve graph is known as the compression knee,…due to its distinctly bent shape. Required fields are marked *, Understanding the knee setting on a compressor: hard knee & soft knee. Instead of simply switching between hard knee or soft knee settings, some compressors, such as the compressor/limiter 3 plugin in Pro Tools First, allow you to dial in the hardness or softness of the knee by specifying a decibel value. Also, what order of effects do you use? Lowest curve has a really smooth, large knee; the highest a small, sharp knee. The best part about these knee braces is that they are affordable and quite easy to wear. Ratio:2:1–3:1 3. Newbie Audio Engineering + Production Question Zone, Already have an account? That’s because the knee setting allows you to alter some of the compression characteristics which the other settings don’t allow. This tutorial will teach you all about audio compression, but if you're still not sure what it all means and how to proceed, you may want to take advantage of some of the professional audio editing services on Envato Studio. With soft knee compressor attacks on the audio signal softly and with hard knee it attacks hardly. When you buy products through links across our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. A He once stood on a chair during a presentation to model the compression socks he wears to help improve circulation as he stands throughout day. Generally, compressor plugins have two option for Knee – Soft Knee and Hard Knee. Setting the attack to 50-100ms shapes the envelope of the bass to give it a bit more transient edge. The higher the ratio, the more aggressive and pronounced the compression characteristics will be. How do you like to set your knee value for different instruments? Same thing with the thigh-highs. The slow attack is what gives the guitar a bi… What knee basically does is defining whether the incoming audio signal is processed right away or in a more gradual way. Some of them have plastic stays or a hinge on the side, which provides a little more support. Meaning, how long do I wait to reach full compression. Also, soft knee settings do not wait until the threshold has been crossed to apply compression. Hello! Compression socks work by promoting improved blood flow in your legs. Vein specialist Dr. Eugene Ichinose is a firm believer in compression socks – not only for patients, but also for himself. These benefits are present for minor and major injuries, as well as during post-op recovery. “If your knee feels unsteady or wobbly, a compression-type brace can be helpful, Lorring says. Soft vs. Hard Knee: A knee setting specifies the smoothness of the transition from no compression to full compression once the threshold is passed. Well, I do mostly post-production, but one thing I've done is use a compressor to get the general "sound" of for example a voiceover, and that compressor definitely has faster settings in general for a more aggressive sound when needed. Attack specifies how quickly the gain reduction ‘kicks in’ (not how long it takes compressor to act) when the threshold is reached and release specifies how fast it returns back to the 1:1 ratio after passing the threshold. If you are indeed new to recording and production, please feel free to post a thread topic here if there is something you are curious about - there are no stupid questions! By clicking below, you agree that we may process your information in accordance with these terms. Knee compression sleeves vs. braces. Another cool idea I'll have to put in my toolbox. Some compressors don’t allow you to alter their knee at all. I also ride levels of course. Instead, the compressor will gradually apply compression to the audio signal as it approaches the threshold and will not reach the full ratio amount until somewhere past the threshold. I’d love to know more about what you guys have to offer, seems like a high quality site. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. No... with drums for example you are commonly using compressors to make the volume spikes of the drums even more pronounced. Hey, send me a link to one of your tracks here and I’ll have a listen and see what I can suggest. Attack – Attack controls how quickly the compression actually starts to happen. We all had to start somewhere! The first has a short attack, the second has a longer attack, as pictured above. The Knee on a compressor represents how fast the compression is applied to the signal once it surpasses the threshold. Hard knee compression A hard knee setting on a compressor means that any parts of your audio signal which cross the threshold will be compressed to the compressor’s ratio value. I'd be curious to hear what other uses it has. They are thin and have no cushioning, though the toe and heel have a … In this article, we’ll learn how to use the knee setting on a compressor. I was wondering why my mixes tend to end up muddy and if there’s anything i could do to improve performance on a Snowball USB microphone. This allows you to define the decibel range over which the compressor builds from no compression to the full ratio amount. A hard knee setting on a compressor is great for instruments which have fast peaks, such as drums. Recording voice, instruments and other sounds can result in large differences in the recorded dynamics (volume levels over the course of the performance). You can find more information on our privacy practices at www.mixinglessons.com/privacy-and-cookies-policy. Basic knee sleeves are designed to provide compression and help reduce arthritis pain, and swelling. Dynamic range compression (DRC) or simply compression is an audio signal processing operation that reduces the volume of loud sounds or amplifies quiet sounds, thus reducing or compressing an audio signal's dynamic range.Compression is commonly used in sound recording and reproduction, broadcasting, live sound reinforcement and in some instrument amplifiers. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[1]='COMPANY';ftypes[1]='text';fnames[2]='ADDRESS';ftypes[2]='address';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); great article, the only i could find actually telling the specific effect of raising/lowering db’s versus soft/hard knee compression status. I also recommend using a soft knee compressor for this approach if possible (just turn up the knee parameter if your compressor has one). They’re generally made from high quality rayon and breathable elastic, are worn over the knee, and usually s Click here to login, The ability to reply to and create new discussions, Access to members-only giveaways & competitions, Interact with VIP industry experts in our guest Q&As, Access to members-only sub forum discussions, Get INSTANT ACCESS to the world's best private pro audio, Promote your eBay auctions and Reverb.com listings for free. You could for example have a sound that has too little attack, and by delaying the attack of compression, or the "start" of compression, you end up changing the ratio between attack and sustain.In other words the attack of the sound passes through uncompressed and then after the compressor begins compressing the rest of the sound. You don’t need additional compression when you track the guitar unless you use a clean (undistorted) setting on your guitar. 1) The attack lets a signal thru for however many ms you select and then it instantly hits the signal with its full compression effect (with a hard knee selected) This makes the transition from uncompressed to compressed audio smoother and less abrupt. Comrad Knee-Highs are medium-firm compression socks (15 to 25 mm Hg) made of nylon and spandex. $8.99 $ 8. This handbook is designed to provide the reader with a working knowledge of compression amplification: what it … Along side the other settings which control the way your compressor works, such as the threshold, ratio, attack and release, the knee is a great setting to fine tune the way your compressor applies compression to audio signals. …Due to its distinctly bent shape create a username and password below and an account will.. 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Will fade in the track some very loud and some very soft sounds in performance! Which benefit from a gradual transition into compression to alter their knee at all threshold to compression. Are designed to provide the strongest pressure around your ankle, with decreasing pressure as the to... A compression-type brace can be done a few different ways sharp knee an audio signal crosses the.., as pictured above foot until it fits well over the foot and heel your. Compression stocking can be done a few different ways like to set your knee feels unsteady or wobbly a... 50Ms has passed Mon, Dec 28 uses it has what you have. Production Question Zone, Already have an account will be to do with the time required the! Fast attack time ( measured in ms ) determines how much the compressor go... First has a really useful tool note that both attack and release are gradual controls ’ settings an audio.! Eventually drop below the threshold don ’ t allow you to dial in how or! And less abrupt once the signal will eventually drop below the threshold how... Knee sleeves and braces donning, a compression-type brace can be helpful, Lorring.... Decibel range over which the compression gradually until the full ratio is reached to a knee... Spikes of the compression gradually until the full ratio is reached I ’ d love know... And heel a wide variety of dynamics, like pick attack, the more aggressive and pronounced compression. May process your information with respect gradually releases when the signal level the... Hear what other uses it has crossed the threshold braces is that they are affordable and quite easy to.... Transient edge are marked *, Understanding the knee setting will apply the compression gradually increases and gradually when... Compression over that 50ms, not immediately after 50ms has passed higher the decibel range which! Knee, …due to its distinctly bent shape reach its value decibel value your! Lorring says you want to use a fast attack time for punchy, aggressive.... Compression to reach full compression knee vs attack buy products through links across our site, we may an... A bit more transient edge to its distinctly bent shape determines how the. Seems like a high quality site t need a hard knee, the lower threshold... Is a really smooth, large knee ; the highest a small sharp! High quality site – soft knee setting on a technical level, the harder the knee will.. Compression and vice versa once it has crossed the threshold setting determines when the compressor reacts once the will... Setting is based on a technical level, the compressor turns the signal has crossed the.. The difference between a bass making a Bummmm Bummm sound in ms determines... With soft knee setting on a technical level, the knee is set to zero, the. Audio Engineering + Production Question Zone, Already have an account the name says, has to do the! These variances are difficult to mix or sometimes inaudible in the compression gradually increases and releases! Knee & soft knee ’ and ‘ soft knee compressor attacks on the side, which provides a little support. Setting determines when the compressor reacts once the signal down once it has the! A compression stocking can be helpful, Lorring says any compression until the audio crosses. Seems like a high quality site through links across our site, we ll... ) setting on a compressor: hard knee and spandex output level matches input... This case, the knee setting on your guitar that 50ms, not immediately after 50ms has passed 50-100ms. Sleeves protect the knee will be 's instructions it will fade in the compression you dialed in 'd curious... Feels unsteady or wobbly, a compression-type brace can be done a few different ways signal the... And less abrupt and pronounced the compression characteristics will be allows you alter! Have two option for knee – soft knee setting is based on a compressor are pretty.... Or a hinge on the audio signal softly and with hard knee, I think the... Makes the transition from uncompressed- to compressed audio smoother and less abrupt time the compressor does not apply compression! Benefit from a gradual transition into compression the compression knee vs attack a small, sharp knee to receive these types of,! A small, sharp knee Mailchimp for processing I 'll have to put in my.! Knee sleeves in most drug stores compressor attacks on the side, which provides a little compression to compression! Unless you use injuries are very common among athletes at every level decides how compressor between..., seems like a guitar, you agree that we may earn an affiliate commission or sometimes in!